[googleff9f73d56b52d04d.html] web earning points: February 2019

Monday, 25 February 2019

Direct and Indirect Speech Example English



  Direct से Indirect में बदलने के Rules


   किसी व्यक्ति द्वारा कही हुई बात को हम दो प्रकार से कह सकते हैं |

   1-(Direct Speech) वक्ता के शब्दों को ज्यों का त्यों दोहराकर 


   वक्ता के वास्तविक शब्दों को ज्यों का त्यों दोहराने के तरीके को Direct Speech या Direct Narration कहते हैं |
   Example :
   Rahul Said, "Sohan is reading a book."

   2-(Indirect Speech) वक्ता के शब्दों को अपने शब्दों में कहकर 


   वक्ता के वास्तविक शब्दों को ज्यों का त्यों न कहकर उसके भाव को अपने शब्दों में प्रकट करने के तरीके को Indirect speech या Indirect Narration कहते हैं |

   Example :

   Rahul Said that Sohan was reading a book.

  Points to remember 


   Reporting Speech  


   Direct speech का first part REPORTING SPEECH कहलाता है |

   Reported Speech 


   Direct speech का second part जो inverted commas के अन्दर बन्द होता है REPORTED SPEECH कहलाता है |



   Reporting Verb


   Reporting Speech की verb को RREPORTING VERB कहते हैं |

   Reported Verb


   Reported Speech की Verb को REPORTED VERB कहा जाता है |
   Direct Speech वक्ता के कथन को Inverted Commas ("   ") के अन्दर लिखते हैं |
   Direct Speech में Inverted Commas ("   ") के अन्दर के पहले शब्द का पहला अक्षर सदैव Capital letter में    लिखा जाता है |

   Indirect Speech में Inverted commas ("   ") का use नहीं होता है |
   Direct से Indirect बनाते समय Verbs, Pronouns और समय तथा स्थान बताने वाले शब्दों में change किया जाता है |




Direct से Indirect में Change करने का तरीका 


Direct से Indirect में change करने के rules जानने से पहले यह जान लेना चाहिए कि Sentence कितने प्रकार के होते हैं |

  1. Sentence चार प्रकार के होते हैं |
  2. Assertive निश्चित बात कहने वाले 
  3. Interrogative प्रश्नवाचक 
  4. Imperative आग्या व सलाह सूचक
  5. Exclamatory विस्मयाबोधक 

1.  Assertive Sentences 


जब Reporting Verb Present Tense या Future Tense में हो  

1. Direct     :  Ravi says, "Shahid is flying the kite."
    Indirect   :  Ravi says that Shahid is flying the kite. 

2. Direct     :   Rahul says, "Sheela is going to school."
    Indirect  :    Rahul says that Sheela is going to school.

3. Direct.    :   The mother will say, "Her brother is a good boy."
    Indirect  :    The mother will say that her brother is a good boy."


Rule 1 : Reporting Verb यदि Present Tense या Future Tense में हो Reported Speech के Verb में Change नहीं होता है |
Rule 2  : Indirect Speech में  that का use करते हैं |

Note :

अगर say, says, will say के बाद to और उसका object ना हो तो इन शब्दों को as it is रहने देते हैं tell या tells आदि का use नहीं करते हैं | (ऊपर के तीनों sentences देखये)
Agar Reporting Verb mein say to, says to, will say to etc. ka use ho toh aise sentences ko indirect banane mein tell, tells, will tell aadi ka use karte hain
Tell transitive verb hai (transitive verb ka matlab hai iske saath iska Object bhi hona chahiye)

Example :

1.  Direct    :  The mother says to us, "Sita is a good girl." 
     Indirect :  The mother tells us that Sita is a good girl.

2.  Direct    :  They say to Hari, "Delhi is a big city."
     Indirect  :  They tell Hari that Delhi is a big city.

3.  Direct.   :   The teacher will say to the students, " Jawaharlal Nehru was the prime minister of India."
      Indirect :   The teacher will tell the students that Jawaharlal Nehru was the prime minister of India.

जब Reporting Verb Past Tense में हो 

जब Reporting Verb Past Tense में हो तो  Reported Speech की Verb को इस प्रकार Change करते हैं |
Present Indefinite Tense को Past Indefinite Tense में Change करते हैं |

Example :

1.  Direct.  :  Hari said, "The boys play on the road."
     Indirect.:  Hari said that the boys played on the road.

2.  Direct.   :  Gopal said, "He takes bath on the bank of the river."
     Indirect. :  Gopal said that he took bath on the bank of the river."

3.  Direct.   :   The teacher said to me,"Ten boys play cricket,"
     Indirect  :   The teacher told me that ten boys played cricket,"

said को as it is रहने देते हैं |
said to को told में chang कर देते हैं |

Present Continuous को Past Continuous में change करते हैं |

Example :  

1.  Direct.    :  Rama said,"The mother is cooking the food."
     Indirect. :  Rama said that the mother was cooking the food.

2.  Direct.    :  A boy said to his brother,"Banti and Babli are playing cricket."
     Indirect. :  A boy told his brother that Banti and Babli were playing cricket."

Present Perfect को Past Perfect में change करते हैं |

Example :

1.  Direct.    :  Shahid said to me,"Gori has written a letter."
     Indirect  :  Shahid told me that Gori had written a letter."

2.  Direct.    :  The teacher said to him, "Some boys have not gone out."
     Indirect.  :  The teacher told him that some boys had not gone out.

Present Perfect Continuous को Past Perfect Continuous में change करते हैं |

Example :

1.  Direct.    :  Mukesh said to us,"Kumar has been playing cricket for two hours."
     Indirect. :  Mukesh told us that Kumar had been playing cricket for two hours.

2.  Direct.    :  Raina said to the principal,"Three students have been bathing in the river since morning."
     Indirect. :  Raina told the principal that three students had been bathing in the river since morning.

Past Indefinite को Past Perfect में change करते हैं |


Example :

1.  Direct.   :  Ravi said to me,"She wrote a letter."
     Indirect. :  Ravi told me that she had written letter.

2.  Direct.   :   Radha said to the teacher ,"Sita completed her homework."
     Indirect  :  Radha told the teacher that Sita completed her homework.  

Past Continuous को Past Perfect Continuous में change करते हैं |

Example :

1.  Direct.   :  Ravi said to Rohan, "Mira was playing cricket in the street."
     Indirect. :  Ravi told Rohan that Mira had been playing cricket in the street.

2.  Direct.   :  The post man said to him,"Two brothers were quarelling in the post office."
     Indirect  :  The post man told him that two brothers had been quarelling in the post office.

Past Perfect को ज्यों का त्यों रहने देते हैं |

Example :

1.  Direct.    :  Pankaj said to Hira,"The monkey had run from the roof."
     Indirect.  :  Pankaj told Hira that the monkey had run from the roof.

2.  Direct.    :  Rahul said,"All boys had gone to city."
     Indirect.  :  Rahul said that all boys had gone to city.

Past Perfect Continuous को ज्यों का त्यों रहने देते हैं |

Example :

1.  Direct.    :  Abdul said to Ravi, "Kishan had been playing cricket since morning."
     Indirect  :  Abdul told Ravi that Kishan had been playing cricket since morning.

2.  Direct.    :  Motu said to Patlu, "The father had been watching movie for one hour."
     Indirect. :  Motu told patlu that the father had been watching movie for one hour."

will, shall को would, should में  change कर देते हैं |

1.  Direct.    :  Ravi said to Mira, "Rahan will not go."
     Indirect. :  Ravi told Mira that Rohan would not go.

2.  Direct.    :  I said to Mohan, "I shall be swimming in the river."
     Indirect. :  I told Mohan that I should be swimming in the river.

may को might तथा can को could में change करते हैं |

1.   Direct.   :  Rozy said to Salma, "It may rain."
      Indirect  :  Rozy told Salma that it might rain.

2.   Direct.    :  A boy said to his father, "Raju can run fast."
      Indirect.  :  A boy told his father that Raju could run fast.

Could, should, would,  ought, might और must को ज्यों का त्यों रहने देते हैं |

Axception (अपवाद) :

अगर Reported Speech हमेशा सत्य रहने वाली बात (Universal truth) या ऐतिहासिक सत्य (Historical truth) या आदत(Habitual Action) या कोई कहावत (Proverb)प्रकट करे तो इसके Tense में कोई change नहीं होता है चाहे Reporting verb Past Tense में ही क्यों न हो |

Example :

1.  Direct.    :  The said to us, "The earth moves round the sun."
     Indirect. :   The teacher told us that the earth moves round the sun.

2.  Direct.    :   My father said, "Dogs bark at strangers."
     Indirect. :   My father said that dogs bark at strangers.

3.  Direct.    :   Urmila said to Ruchi, "Two and two make four."
     Indirect. :   Urmila told Ruchi that two and two make four.

4.  Direct.    :   The teacher said to the students, "Dr. Rajendra Prasad was the first president of free India."
     Indirect.  :   The teacher told the students that Dr. Rajendra Prasad was the first president of free India.

Exercise : 


Change the following sentences into Indirect :
1.  He said, "Mohan is a good boy."
2.  Radha said, "A boy is writing a letter."
3.  Ravi said to Rohan, "Sohan has been playing cricket for two hours."
4.  Rajan said to me, "He played well."
5.  Raju said to his teacher, "He has done his homework properly."
6.  The post man said, "The post master could not know the mistake."
7.  The said to the students, "The sun is very hot."
8.  "The grandmother used to tell nice stories."said Rama.
9.  The father said to us, "God is great."
10."The planets move round the sun. " said the teacher.

Valuable Post 









   

Monday, 18 February 2019

Internet se paisa kaise kamaye Internet se paisa kamane ke different tarike



Internet से पैसा कैसे कमाएं Internet से पैसा कमाने के differnt तरीके 

Dosto aaj ka yug internet ka yug hai aaj duniya me hazaro lakho log aise jinki earning ka base internet hai voh log bahut achchhi earning kar rahe hain internet se achchha paisa kama rahe hain aur life ko enjoy kar rahe hain


Aur hazaro lakho log aise hai jo internet se earning karna chahte hain internet se paisa kamana chahte hai agar aap bhi unme se ek hai to aap bilkul right place par pahunch chuke hain aur yeh post bilkul aap hi ke liye hai


Blogging se paisa kamane ke bahut sare trike hai jinme se kuchh better tariko ka main is post me zikr karne ja raha hun jinhe follow karke aap online work kar sakte hain aur ghar baith kar achchha revinue parapt kar sakte hain achchha paisa kama sakte hai

Internet se paisa kaise kamaye online 

Blogging 

Blogging ka naam to aapne suna hi hoga blogging se earning karna aasan hai in the beginning blogspot par blog create karna better hai blog mein 20  25 post likhiye traffic increase kijiye jab traffic lagbhag 500 pageviews daily ho jaye to aapko google Adsense se approval mil sakta hai jisse aap ghar baith kar achchhi earning kar sakte hain Adsense blog par ads lagane ka paisa deta hai kuchh experience hasil ho jane ke baad aap wordpress par blog create kar sakte hain


Agar aap blogger.com par blog create karna nhi jante ho to hamari yeh post read kijiye


Blogspot par free blog kaise banate hain full guidance





WordPress blogging ke liye best plateform hai WordPress par blog banakar earning mein badhotri ke chance barh jate hain but beginning me blogspot par blog create karna better hai because blogger.com plateform par aap free blog bana sakte hain aapko ek paisa bhi invest karne ki zarurat nhi hai jabki wordpress.org ek paid service hai yaha par lagbhag 1000 rupees per month kharch karne padenge


Isliye better way yehi hai ki pehle blogspot par blog banakar blogging mein kuchh experience hasil kare iske baad WordPress par blog banakar blogging ke maidan me aage barhne ka prayas kare dhyan rahe Google Adsense ads par sabse zyada pay karne wali company hai aaj India me kitne hi blogger aise hai jo adsense ke ads se lakho rupees per month earning kar rahe hain



Online Surveys

Online Survey ghar baith kar earning karne ka ek better vikalp hai aap apne PC par work karke online Survey karke good revinue prapt kar sakte hain is trah aap ghar baith kar 2-4 ghante online work karke achhi earning kar sakte hain


Survey me company ki taraf se aapse kuchh questions puchhe jate hai jinka aapko right answer fill karke company ko send karna hota hai jiske badle me company aapko per survey 3-5 doller ya isse adhik pay karti hai


Lekin dhyan rahe aaj hazaro companies aisi hain jo survey karwati hain but unme bahut si companies fraud bhi hoti hain jo survey to karati hain lekin aapko unse ek paisa bhi prapt nhi hota isliye agar aap online survey karke income karna chahte hain to koi achchhi company choose kare jisse aapka precious time waste na ho


Multinational companies apne business ki growth karne ke liye apne products ki sell ko increase karna chahti hai products ki sell increase karne ke liye unhe yeh janne ki zarurat hoti hai ki logo ka unke product ke bare me kya vichar hai kya interest hai isse company ko market ki demand ka andaza ho jata hai online survey ke through jo feedback company ko milta hai uske adhar par company ek aisa new product create karti hai jiski demand market me high hoti hai  


Niche kuchh more paid survey sites ke name diye gaye hain jinhe join karke aap achchhi earning kar sakte hain


  • iPanelOnline India
  • Star Panel
  • India Speaks
  • Toluna
  • Panel Place
  • Brand Institute 




Freelance Content Writing 

Agar aap blogging nhi karna chahte hain to freelance content writing karke online paisa kama sakte hain yadi aapko likhna pasand hai aapki writing skills achchhi hai to aisi bahut si website hain jaha par aap content writing karke online earning kar sakte hain
Bahut si companies aisi hain jo content writing ke liye employee hire karti hai news channels me content writers ke liye kafi vacancy aapko mil jayengi bahut sari companies as a freelancer kam karwati hain jisme hard copy ya audio clip ko content ke roop mein copy karna hota hai
Freelance companies only content writing ka hi kaam provide nhi karti hain balki iske alawa aur bhi bahut sare kaam hain jinhe as a freelancer karke aap internet se achchhi earning kar sakte hain main kuchh freelancing work provide karne wali websites ke naam likh raha hun jaha par as a freelancer kaam kar sakte hain aur good revinue prapt kar sakte hain


  • guru.com
  • upwork.com
  • fiverr.com


YouTube se Earning

YouTube earning karne ka hotter madhyam hai YouTube par ek channel baniye fir is channel par some quality videos upload kijiye apne channel ko Adsense se approve kariye aur earning start kar dijiye 

YouTube par aap different type ki vedios upload kar sakte hain jaise comedy videos, kitchen recipes, blogging tips, song, kavita, Sher o shayri etc bahut sare topics hain jin par aap video banakar YouTube par upload kar sakte hain jaise hi aapko approval milta hai aapki earning start ho jayegi

Online Data Entry 

Online data entry karke bhi aap income kar sakte hain isme kai type ke kaam hote hain jaise copy paste work, form filling work, data formatting work, image to text data entry, converting files, audio to text, captioning etc.
Iske alawa aur bhi kai aise kaam hain jo data entry ke antargat aate hai jo log website nhi bana sakte hain blogging nhi kar sakte hain voh log data entry karke online earning kar sakte hain

Domain trading

Domain trading ka business karke bhi high profit earn kiya ja sakta hai but yeh ek risky work hai isme pehle kuchh money invest karni hoti hai money invest karne se pehle iske bare mein coplete knoledge prapt kare you must be an expert
Aapko domain provide karne wali company (like godaddy etc.) se kuchh domain kharidne hote hain jo aapko $10 per domain se kam mein asani se mil sakte hain aur ek needy person  ya company ko jise is domain name ki zarurat hai aap use sekdo dollers ke badle mein sell kar sakte hai
Agar kisi person ya company ko us domain ki zarurat hai jo aapke pass hai pehle to yeh person ya company domain provider company se contact karenge jab vaha veh domain nhi milega to aapse contact kiya jayega aap apni ichchhanusar us domain ko high price par sell kar sakte hain




Valuable Post