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Saturday, 27 April 2019

Parts of a Sentence



What are the parts of a sentence 


Hello friends, in this post I am going to tell you about the parts of the sentence. l'll do my best attempt to make understand you. Please read this post attentively.

There are two parts of a sentence

1. Subject
2. Predicate

Please study the sentences in the table given below :


Subject Predicate
He goes
Rahul played
They laughed
She wept
I sleep
Dogs bark
In the table every sentence has two parts

1. Subject 
The doer of the action

2. Predicate
Predicate is the part of a sentence which says something about the subject. It always contains a verb.



1. DIVISION OF THE SUBJECT
Please look at the table given below :


Subject Predicate
Qualifiers Head-words
A boy jumped
An elephant swims
The earth moves
My brother studied
Some students failed
Few girls weep
That dog bites


In above table every sentence has two parts- Subject and Predicate. Every subject has two parts Qualifiers and Had-word.

Subject Predicate
Qualifiers Head-word Verb
Determiner Adjective Noun
A fat boy jumped
The lazy fox died
Some pretty flowers faded
His younger sister wept
Those good boys studied
The black dog barks
A beautiful girl smiles


Look at the above table carefully. Subject has two parts Qualifier and Head-word. The head-word of every sentence is noun. Determiner and Adjective are the qualifiers of Head-word (Nouns). Remember Adjective is always placed between determiner and noun.
Now study one more table to understand subject's parts.
Subject Predicate
Determiner Adjective Noun Adjectival Phrase
A green bird sitting in the tree flew away
His younger sister in Mumbai is a famous actress
A beautiful girl of nine was selling baskets
The fat boy running on the road is my brother
An old man with a stick slipped



See above table Determiner, Adjective, Head-word and Adjectival Phrase are the parts of Subject. Determiners and Adjectives are placed before Head-word and Adjectival phrases are placed after Head-words.
Study the next table given below to understand subject in the form of Gerund.


Subject Predicate
Gerund (V+ing)
Walking is good for health
Smoking is harmful
Saving pays
Waiting tires me
Swimming is easy to learn

In the above sentences Subject has only one part that is called Head-word and takes ing form of the verb. Thus we come to know that the Head-word may be Noun, Pronoun or V-ing form (Gerund).



Subject Predicate
Infinitive (to + V)
To work is to worship
To pay the taxes is our duty
To save money is good for future
To work hard should be our motto
to err is human
In the above table Infinitive (to-V) has been used as a subject

Now study the table given below.


Subject Predicate
It is very hot today
It was winter
It is raining
It grew dark
It was six in the morning
There was a king
There are fourty students in our class
There is no difficulty
There lived a rich man in my village

In the above table the subject of every sentence is It or there. Word It is used as a pronoun also and word there is used as a adverb also but there is not used them as a pronoun or as an adverb. There is a different use. Word It can be called Natural It and word there can be called Introductory There.

DIVISION OF THE PREDICATE 

In above passages you have read Subject has different parts like Determiner, Adjective, Noun, Adjective Phrase etc. The same way Predicate also has its different parts like Verb, Object, Compliment etc.
Study given below table to understand division of predicate.



Also Read

Subject Predicate
Verb Object Compliment
Indirect Direct
Raju gives her a white pen ------
The mother told us a story ------
The teacher teaches us english in the morning
Your brother had given me a book yesterday

Now study the table given below.


Subject Predicate
Verb Object (Direct) Object (Indirect)
Ravi gave a pen to me
My father sent a letter to him
The teacher teaches english to us
He promised all help to my brother

In above table we see that Indirect Object is put after Direct Object in that case we have to use 'to' before Indirect Object.

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