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Friday, 1 November 2019

Passive Voice of Present Perfect Tense Active से Passive बनाने के Rules



1. Active Voice से Passive Voice केवल उन्हीं Sentences  की बनेगी जिनमें Transitive Verb का use हुआ है |

2. Subject (कर्ता) को Object (कर्म) तथा Object (कर्म) को Subject (कर्ता) बनाते हैं |

3. Present Perfect Tense की Passive Voice में helping verb has been तथा have been का use करते हैं |

4. Active से Passive बनाने में Verb की 3rd form का use होता है |

Present Perfect Tense (हिन्दी से English बनाने के  Rules) 


Passive Voice of Present Perfect Tense 


Affirmative Sentences 


Structure of Active Sentence 


Subject + has/have + verb(3rd form) + object + compliment 

Structure of Passive Sentence 


Object of active sentence + has/have + been + verb(3rd form) + by + subject of active sentence + compliment

Examples :


1. राजू ने अपना पाठ याद कर लिया है |


Raju has learnt his lesson. (Active Voice)

His lesson has been learnt by Raju. (Passive Voice)


2. गोरी ने मिठाई खा ली है |


Gouri has eaten the sweet. (Active Voice)

The sweet has been eaten by Gouri. (Passive Voice)

3. राधा ने ताजमहल देख लिया है |

Radha has seen the Taj Mehal. (Active Voice)

The Taj Mehal has been seen by Radha. (Passive Voice)


4. मास्टरजी ने हमें यह पाठ पढा दिया है |


The teacher has taught us this lesson. (Active Voice)

This lesson has been taught us by the teacher. (Passive Voice) 

We have been taught this lesson by the teacher. (Passive Voice)


5. माली फूल तोड चुका है |


The gardner has plucked the flowers. (Active Voice)

The flowers have been plucked by the gardener. (Passive Voice)


Passive Voice of Present Perfect Tense 




Negative Sentences 


Structure of Active Sentence 


Subject + has/have + not + verb(3rd form) + object + compliment.


Structure of Passive Sentence 


Object of the active sentence + has/have + not + been + verb(3rd form) + by + subject of the active sentence + compliment.

Examples 


1. मैंने उसे छत पर कभी नहीं देखा है |


I have never seen her on the roof.  (Active Voice)

She has never been seen by me on the roof.  (Passive Voice)


2. किसान अपना खेत नहीं जोत चुका है |


The farmer has not ploughed his field. (Active Voice)

His field has not been ploughed by the farmer. (Passive Voice)


3. शेर हिरन को नहीं खा चुका है |


The lion has not eaten the deer. (Active Voice)

The deer has not been eaten by the lion. (Passive Voice)


4. धोबी ने हमारे कपडे नहीं धोये हैं |


The washerman has not washed our clothes. (Active Voice)

Our clothes have not been washed by the washerman. (Passive Voice)


5. मैंने उसे कुछ नहीं कहा है |

I have said him nothing. (Active Voice)

He has been said nothing by me. (Passive Voice)

Nothing has been said him by me. (Passive Voice)


Passive Voice of Present Perfect Tense 


Interrogative Sentences 


Structure of Active Sentence 


1. क्या तुमने कभी ताजमहल देखा है ?


Have you ever seen the Taj Mahal ? (Active Voice)

Has the Taj Mahal been ever seen by you ? (passive Voice)


2. क्या पुलिस ने चोर को कैद कर लिया है |


Has the police arrested the thief ? (Active Voice)

Has the thief been arrested by the police ? (Passive Voice)


3. तुमने उसे वह किताब क्यों दी है ?


Why have you given that book to him ?  (Active Voice)

Why has that book been given to him by you ? (Passive Voice)

Why has he been given that book by you ? (Passive Voice)



4. तुम्हें यह पाठ किसने पढाया है ?


Who has taught you this lesson ? (Active Voice)

By whom has this lesson been taught you ? (Passive Voice)



5. क्या इन दोनों लडकियों ने आम खा लिये हैं ?

Have these two girls eaten the mangoes ? (Active Voice)

Have the mangoes been eaten by these two girls ? (Passive Voice)




Valuable Posts 



Passive Voice of Present Continuous Tense 

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